After December 7, 1941, President Franklin D. Roosevelt created the War Relocation Authority (WRA), which selected ten sites in which to imprison more than 110,000 Japanese Americans, over half of whom were American citizens. Two of these camps where in the Arkansas Delta, one at Rohwer in Desha County, and the other at Jerome in sections of Chicot and Drew counties. These camps were open from October, 1942, to November, 1945, with over 16,000 Japanese-Americans having been incarcerated during that period. The Rohwer Center Cemetery in Desha County, Arkansas, is one of only three Japanese relocation center cemeteries still maintained in the United States. The Nisei GI Memorial commemorates the 442nd Regimental Combat Team and the 100th Infantry Battalion. These units were made up of Japanese Americans and draftees from Hawaii. Over 800 men from these two units were killed or missing in action by the end of the war.
Minutes from a Block Managers' meeting on July 19, 1943.
35 mm microfilm
Japanese; Japanese Americans; Internment camps; Military camps;
Hazel Retherford papers, MS.000643; Amon Guy Thompson papers, MG04582 - MG04586; Beauty Behind Barbed Wire: The Arts of the Japanese in Our War Relocation Camps, MG01299; Community Analysis Reports and Community Analysis Trend Reports of the War Relocation Authority, 1942-1946, MG03846 - MG03847; Japanese Camp papers, MG03848 - MG03869
McGehee, Desha County. (Ark.)
Austin Smith Papers, MG04350
You Fought Prejudice and Won - Japanese-American Internment Camps in Arkansas
Arkansas State Archives
Block Managers' Meeting Minutes, Austin Smith Papers, MG04350, Block Managers' Meeting Minutes Arkansas State Archives, Little Rock, Arkansas
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